The idea of Montessori education was brought into light by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori. Her classification of different age groups is still in use in the Montessori schools. Based on the age of individual students, the Montessori curriculum is divided into three major classes – he Toddler Class, the Primary Class and the Elementary Class.


The Toddler Class: Infants aged between 15 months and 3 years are put into the toddler class. The curriculum for this class mainly includes increasing the confidence level of the kids, giving them primary lessons, self-independence, introducing them with logic and increasing their skill levels to smoothen their entrance to the primary stge. Of the other lessons, the toddlers are basically taught about language developments, independence, basic motor coordination etc. Lessons of this stage also include behavioral acts when the toddler meets other kids.

The Primary Classroom: The students between the age limits of 3 years and 6 years are put under the Primary Classroom groups. Dr. Montessori prefers calling this group the ‘absorbent mind’. That means students belonging to this group are easy to adapt to new cultures, which might become make troubles if not taken care in time. The lessons include primary exercises and other general logical tests. The detailed curriculum of this class are as follow:

  • Practical Life: This curriculum involves testing the kid whether he s/has good understanding of life and other people.
  • Sensorial: This curriculum includes learning to organize, describe and classify the experiences of the sensorial organs. All these are done via different exercising. The kids have to describe their experiences in words.
  • Language: Young kids of 6 years of age become able to write in the languages they have learnt. This curriculum includes giving them the chances to write. They have to demonstrate their capabilities.
  • Mathematics: It is believed that knowledge of mathematics is innate in everyone. However, this part of the curriculum includes giving the kids the scope of learning basic decimal systems. These basic lessons leave them confident about geometry and algebra. It also enables them to solve analytical questions.
    Cultural: Giving culture lessons to the kids makes the classroom live and engaging. They come to know about the rest of the world and human beings.

The Elementary Classroom: Students between the ages of 6 years and 12 years are put into this class. Students of this class get prepared for entering into the world of higher education. Dr. Montessori mentions that at this level, students go through a complex process of ideal improvement of social skills, character development, and the cognitive mind. She also argues that, students are offered a ‘universe of knowledge’ during this age. Some of the methods of testing students’ competence include telling the students a story and follow their understanding of imagination. Two major things students are given lessons for include – strengthening their rational skills, and encouraging discussions. Other studies during the elementary classroom stage include geometry, music, history, geography, mathematics science, language arts and the arts.


Finally, the advanced curriculum mentioned above might not be a universal one, but it covers the basic lesson plans explained and worked out by Dr. Montessori. If you are not sure what school to admit your kid, you may visit Little Steps Montessori School in Richardson, Texas and decide after that.